Mapping Early American Elections


Mapping Congress in the Era of the First Party System

November 6, 2018

As Americans go to the polls to vote for their representatives to Congress on Election Day, the Mapping Early American Elections team invites you to examine maps from the first four decades of Congressional elections. In addition to the maps of the first ten Congresses we released previously, today we are releasing maps of 24 states for elections to the 11th through 19th Congresses. This release completes our run of state-by-state maps of county-level returns... Read more →

Mapping the Second Decade of Congressional Elections

April 17, 2018

The Mapping Early American Elections team has released over eighty maps of elections for Congress’s second decade. This release adds county-level maps of election returns for the Sixth through Tenth Congresses, taking our coverage of Congressional elections up through the 1806–1807 elections. As before, these maps are accompanied by tables that succinctly summarize the results for each district or state-wide at-large election, and which link out to the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.... Read more →

Mapping the First Decade of Congressional Elections

December 13, 2017

Districts flip, party affiliations change, and populations and geographies shift. These and other changes are visible in the project’s first release of over 70 maps visualizing county voting returns by state from the first five U.S. Congressional elections. The project will regularly release additional Congressional maps through the nineteenth Congress in early 2018. Shifting votes for parties in the first three Congressional elections in Maryland. The new Maps section invites users to browse by Congress... Read more →

What Did Democracy Look Like? Voting in Early America

September 1, 2017

Early American elections subvert conventional notions that portray the development of early American democracy as an orderly or systematic affair. In contrast to the well-organized procedures governing voting procedures today, elections during the first few decades of the new nation’s existence were often haphazard affairs. Everything from the location of the polls to the qualifications of the electors to the number of days the polls would be open varied from state to state, and often,... Read more →

Geolocating the Towns from A New Nation Votes

August 22, 2017

What do the towns of Middle Hero, Vermont, Castleton, New York, and Enfield, Massachusetts have in common? They all have voting returns in the New Nation Votes dataset (NNV) and they don’t exist anymore. NNV contains voting returns at the town, county, and Congressional district level. This geographic information is limited to general place names only (e.g., the town of Suffrage, Otsego County, the tenth Congressional district in New York). Before these locations can be... Read more →

How Mapping Elections Is Different From A New Nation Votes

April 19, 2017

Mapping Early American Elections is based on the records collected in an earlier project, A New Nation Votes (also funded by the NEH). This project has been providing scholars with access to election returns from the early republic for a number of years. So what exactly is our project adding to these election returns, and how is it making them more accessible? The best way to understand the difference between the two projects is that... Read more →

Introducing Mapping Early American Elections

April 11, 2017

The Mapping Early American Elections team is pleased to launch the project website. During this three-year project, funded by the Division of Preservation and Access at the National Endowment for the Humanities, we plan to blog about our process and progress. Our project is building on the New Nation Votes (NNV) collection of electoral returns, a project that was also funded by the NEH. Mapping Early American Elections is turning those election returns into a... Read more →


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Mapping Early American Elections is generously funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities and developed by the Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media at George Mason University.

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