The Mapping Elections project turns records of electoral returns into maps of voting patterns.
The early republic’s nascent political parties evolved and coalesced around differing visions of America.
Early American elections featured widely varying and often questionable electoral practices.
Voter turnout in early elections was sizeable and motivated by substantive debates on key issues.
Early congresses featured high turnover rates due to the republic's political culture and personal hardships.
Maryland's geography created a unique political culture informed by an extreme aura of localism.
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