Mapping Early American Elections

7th Congress: Maryland 1801

Maryland elected three Federalists and five Democratic-Republicans to the Seventh Congress.

Maryland used a district system for electing members to Congress.

In 1802, a special election was held in which Walter Bowie was elected to replace Richard Sprigg, who had resigned from office.

District Candidate Party Vote Percentage Elected
1 John Campbell Federalist 1,207 76.6%
1 Frances Digges Democratic-Republican 369 23.4%
2 Richard Sprigg Democratic-Republican 1,393 65%
2 John Thomas Federalist 750 35%
3 Thomas Plater Federalist 964 53.1%
3 Patrick Magruder Democratic-Republican 853 46.9%
4 Daniel Heister Democratic-Republican 2,460 57.4%
4 Eli Williams Federalist 1,825 42.6%
5 Samuel Smith Democratic-Republican 1,689 98.8%
6 John Archer Democratic-Republican 1,530 95.4%
7 Joseph H. Nicholson Democratic-Republican 883 99.7%
8 John Dennis Federalist 802 89.4%
8 William Polk Democratic-Republican 95 10.6%

In most cases, only candidates who received more than 5 percent of the vote in a district are reported. Other candidates are reported as a group, but only if they in aggregate received more than 5 percent of the vote. In addition, percentages for each district may not add up to 100 percent due to rounding. The term Dissenting Republican includes various breakaway factions of the Democratic-Republican party.

New Nation Votes Data

Mapping Early American Elections is generously funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities and developed by the Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media at George Mason University.

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