Mapping Early American Elections


9th Congress: Pennsylvania 1804

Pennsylvania elected one Federalist and seventeen Democratic-Republicans to the Ninth Congress.

Pennsylvania used the district system for electing members to Congress. Districts 1, 2, and 3 each elected three representatives. District 4 elected two representatives.

In 1805, a special election was held in which Democratic-Republican Robert Whitehill was elected to replace J. A. Hanna, who died while in office.

In 1805, a special election was held in which Democratic-Republican Samuel Smith was elected to replace John B. C. Lucas, who had resigned from office.

In 1806, a special election was held in which Democratic-Republican John Porter was elected to replace Michael Leib, who had resigned from office.

District Candidate Party Vote Percentage Elected
1 Joseph Clay Democratic-Republican 7,427 33.6%
1 Jacob Richards Democratic-Republican 7,021 31.7%
1 Michael Leib Democratic-Republican 3,992 18%
1 William Penrose Federalist 3,685 16.7%
2 John Pugh Democratic-Republican 6,701 32.1%
2 Frederick Conrad Democratic-Republican 6,596 31.6%
2 Robert Brown Democratic-Republican 4,532 21.7%
2 John Ross Dissenting Republican 2,710 13%
3 Christian Lower Democratic-Republican 9,079 33.2%
3 John Whitehill Democratic-Republican 6,309 23.1%
3 Isaac Anderson Democratic-Republican 6,287 23%
3 Thomas Boude Federalist 2,829 10.4%
3 Isaac Wayne Federalist 2,814 10.3%
4 David Bard Democratic-Republican 3,247 34.6%
4 John A. Hanna Democratic-Republican 3,031 32.3%
4 Oliver Pollack Democratic-Republican 1,600 17%
4 Robert Whitehill Democratic-Republican 1,514 16.1%
5 Andrew Gregg Democratic-Republican 3,318 unopposed
6 James Kelly Federalist 1,705 58.5%
6 John Stewart Democratic-Republican 1,211 41.5%
7 John Rea Democratic-Republican 1,494 99.6%
8 William Findley Democratic-Republican
9 John Smilie Democratic-Republican unopposed
10 John Hamilton Democratic-Republican 868 100%
11 John B. Lucas Democratic-Republican 2,526 64.8%
11 James O’Hara Federalist 1,373 35.2%

In most cases, only candidates who received more than 5 percent of the vote in a district are reported. Other candidates are reported as a group, but only if they in aggregate received more than 5 percent of the vote. In addition, percentages for each district may not add up to 100 percent due to rounding. The term Dissenting Republican includes various breakaway factions of the Democratic-Republican party.

New Nation Votes Data


Mapping Early American Elections is generously funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities and developed by the Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media at George Mason University.

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