Mapping Early American Elections

11th Congress: Maryland 1808

Maryland elected three Federalists and six Democratic-Republicans to the Eleventh Congress.

Maryland used a district system for electing members to Congress. Each district elected one member of Congress except District 5, which elected two members.

In 1810, a special election was held in which Samuel Ringgold was elected to replace Roger Nelson, who had resigned.

In November 1810, a special election was held in which Robert Wright was elected to replace John Brown, who had resigned. Since Brown had already been re-elected to the Twelfth Congress, this single ballot elected Wright to serve in Brown’s place for the remainder of the Eleventh Congress, and for the Twelfth Congress.

District Candidate Party Vote Percentage Elected
1 John Campbell Federalist 1,828 70.1%
1 James Fenwick Democratic-Republican 774 29.7%
2 Archibald Van Horn Democratic-Republican 1,770 59.9%
2 Henry A. Callis Federalist 1,183 40.1%
3 Philip B. Key Federalist 2,698 66.5%
3 John Wampler Democratic-Republican 1,358 33.5%
4 Roger Nelson Democratic-Republican 3,078 51.8%
4 Upton Bruce Federalist 2,865 48.2%
5 Nicholas Moore Democratic-Republican 6,857 44.8%
5 Alexander MacKim Democratic-Republican 6,642 43.4%
5 William Winder Federalist 1,818 11.9%
6 John Montgomery Democratic-Republican 2,569 51.5%
6 William Spencer Federalist 1,642 32.9%
6 John Archer Democratic-Republican 781 15.6%
7 John Brown Democratic-Republican 2,180 58.6%
7 Robert H. Goldsborough Federalist 1,541 41.4%
8 Charles Goldsborough Federalist 2,634 75.1%
8 Charles Nutter Democratic-Republican 874 24.9%

In most cases, only candidates who received more than 5 percent of the vote in a district are reported. Other candidates are reported as a group, but only if they in aggregate received more than 5 percent of the vote. In addition, percentages for each district may not add up to 100 percent due to rounding. The term Dissenting Republican includes various breakaway factions of the Democratic-Republican party.

New Nation Votes Data

Mapping Early American Elections is generously funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities and developed by the Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media at George Mason University.

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