Mapping Early American Elections

9th Congress: Delaware 1804

Delaware elected one Federalist to the Ninth Congress.

Delaware used a statewide at-large method for electing a member to Congress. Delaware’s election law required that voters select two candidates, with one residing in the voter’s own county, and the other residing in one of the state’s other two counties. The at-large winner was then declared the winner. This map depicts the initial winner.

In 1805, a special election was held in which Federalist James M. Broom was elected to replace James A. Bayard, who had resigned from office after his election to the Senate.

District Candidate Party Vote Percentage Elected
At-large James A. Bayard Federalist 4,398 52.1%
At-large Caesar A. Rodney Democratic-Republican 4,040 47.9%

In most cases, only candidates who received more than 5 percent of the vote in a district are reported. Other candidates are reported as a group, but only if they in aggregate received more than 5 percent of the vote. In addition, percentages for each district may not add up to 100 percent due to rounding. The term Dissenting Republican includes various breakaway factions of the Democratic-Republican party.

New Nation Votes Data

Mapping Early American Elections is generously funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities and developed by the Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media at George Mason University.

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