Mapping Early American Elections


17th Congress: South Carolina 1820

South Carolina elected one Federalist and eight Democratic-Republicans to the Seventeenth Congress.

The map for this election is incomplete due to the lack of returns in a few areas.

South Carolina used a district system for electing members to Congress.

In 1821, a special election was held in which James Blair was elected to replace John S. Richardson, who had declined to serve.

In 1822, a special election was held in which James Hamilton was elected to replace William Lowndes, who had resigned from office.

In 1822, a special election was held in which Andrew R. Govan was elected to replace James Overstreet, who had died.

In 1822, a special election was held in which John W. Carter was elected to replace James Blair, who had resigned from office.

District Candidate Party Vote Percentage Elected
1 Joel R. Poinsett Federalist 1,326 50.7%
1 John Geddes Democratic-Republican 1,287 49.3%
2 William Lowndes Democratic-Republican unopposed
3 Thomas R. Mitchell Democratic-Republican 1,466 49.5%
3 Benjamin Huger Federalist 1,161 39.2%
3 John R. Wilson Democratic-Republican 334 11.3%
4 James Overstreet Democratic-Republican
5 Starling Tucker Democratic-Republican
6 George MacDuffie Democratic-Republican 2,642 unopposed
7 John Wilson Democratic-Republican
8 Joseph Gist Democratic-Republican
9 John S. Richardson Democratic-Republican unopposed

In most cases, only candidates who received more than 5 percent of the vote in a district are reported. Other candidates are reported as a group, but only if they in aggregate received more than 5 percent of the vote. In addition, percentages for each district may not add up to 100 percent due to rounding. The term Dissenting Republican includes various breakaway factions of the Democratic-Republican party.



Mapping Early American Elections is generously funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities and developed by the Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media at George Mason University.

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