Mapping Early American Elections


12th Congress: New York 1810

New York elected five Federalists and twelve Democratic-Republicans to the Twelfth Congress.

New York used a district system for electing members to Congress. Each district elected one member of Congress except Districts 2 and 6, which each elected two members.

In 1812, a special election was held in which Thomas P. Grosvenor was elected to replace Robert LeRoy Livingston, who had resigned.

District Candidate Party Vote Percentage Elected
1 Ebenezer Sage Democratic-Republican 3,362 92.9%
1 David Gardiner Federalist 235 6.5%
2 Samuel L. Mitchill Democratic-Republican 6,226 26.4%
2 William Paulding, Jr. Democratic-Republican 6,175 26.1%
2 John Coles Federalist 5,621 23.8%
2 Peter Jay Federalist 5,597 23.7%
3 Pierre Van Cortlandt, Jr. Democratic-Republican 3,944 63.7%
3 John Bradner Federalist 2,226 36%
4 James Emott Federalist 3,125 51.1%
4 Daniel C. Verplank Democratic-Republican 2,994 48.9%
5 Thomas B. Cook Democratic-Republican 3,057 52.1%
5 Garret Abeel Federalist 2,813 47.9%
6 Robert Le Roy Livingston Federalist 7,367 25.6%
6 Asa Fitch Federalist 7,366 25.6%
6 Roger Skinner Democratic-Republican 7,033 24.4%
6 James L. Hogeboom Democratic-Republican 7,032 24.4%
7 Harmanus Bleecker Federalist 3,163 57.6%
7 John V. Veeder Democratic-Republican 2,324 42.3%
8 Benjamin Pond Democratic-Republican 3,560 57.3%
8 James MacCrea Federalist 2,623 42.2%
9 Thomas Sammons Democratic-Republican 3,628 52.1%
9 Richard Van Horne Federalist 3,329 47.8%
10 Silas Stow Democratic-Republican 3,561 50.9%
10 Simeon Ford Federalist 3,387 48.4%
11 Thomas R. Gold Federalist 4,071 52.4%
11 Thomas Skinner Democratic-Republican 3,675 47.3%
12 Arunah Metcalf Democratic-Republican 3,975 56.2%
12 John M. Bowers Federalist 3,094 43.7%
13 Uri Tracy Democratic-Republican 4,357 59.5%
13 Nathaniel Waldron Federalist 2,884 39.4%
14 Daniel Avery Democratic-Republican 4,570 69.5%
14 John Harris Federalist 1,975 30%
15 Peter B. Porter Democratic-Republican 4,768 58.8%
15 Ebenezer F. Norton Federalist 3,331 41.1%

In most cases, only candidates who received more than 5 percent of the vote in a district are reported. Other candidates are reported as a group, but only if they in aggregate received more than 5 percent of the vote. In addition, percentages for each district may not add up to 100 percent due to rounding. The term Dissenting Republican includes various breakaway factions of the Democratic-Republican party.



Mapping Early American Elections is generously funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities and developed by the Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media at George Mason University.

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