Mapping Early American Elections


12th Congress: Maryland 1810

Maryland elected three Federalists and six Democratic-Republicans to the Twelfth Congress.

Maryland used a district system for electing members to Congress. Each district elected one member of Congress except District 5, which elected two members.

In 1810, a special election was held in which Robert Wright was elected to replace John Brown, who had resigned.

In 1811, a special election was held in which Stevenson Archer was elected to replace John Montgomery, who resigned.

District Candidate Party Vote Percentage Elected
1 Philip Stewart Federalist 1,474 98.3%
2 Joseph Kent Democratic-Republican 1,713 56.4%
2 John F. Mercer Federalist 1,325 43.6%
3 Philip B. Key Federalist 777 unopposed
4 Samuel Ringgold Democratic-Republican 1,937 95.7%
5 Alexander MacKim Democratic-Republican 2,811 27.7%
5 Peter Little Democratic-Republican 2,604 25.7%
5 Nicholas Moore Democratic-Republican 2,480 24.4%
5 Joshua Barney Democratic-Republican 2,256 22.2%
6 John Montgomery Democratic-Republican 2,877 98.1%
7 John Brown Democratic-Republican 2,333 99.7%
8 Charles Goldsborough Federalist 2,462 72.3%
8 Thomas Williams Democratic-Republican 936 27.5%

In most cases, only candidates who received more than 5 percent of the vote in a district are reported. Other candidates are reported as a group, but only if they in aggregate received more than 5 percent of the vote. In addition, percentages for each district may not add up to 100 percent due to rounding. The term Dissenting Republican includes various breakaway factions of the Democratic-Republican party.



Mapping Early American Elections is generously funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities and developed by the Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media at George Mason University.

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