Mapping Early American Elections


1st Congress: Maryland 1789

Maryland elected six Federalists to the First Congress. The Federalists swept the election with a large margin of victory.

Maryland used a state-wide at-large system to elect members of Congress. Candidates had to be residents of a specific Congressional district.

Votes tallied for the cities of Baltimore and Annapolis are shown separately, and they are in addition to the votes reported for Baltimore County and Anne Arundel County.

District Candidate Party Vote Percentage Elected
At-large Joshua Seney Federalist 7,616 16.3%
At-large Daniel Carroll Federalist 5,819 12.5%
At-large Benjamin Contee Federalist 5,476 11.7%
At-large George Gale Federalist 5,456 11.7%
At-large William Smith Federalist 5,415 11.6%
At-large Michael J. Stone Federalist 5,154 11%
At-large George Dent Anti-Federalist 2,731 5.8%
At-large Samuel Sterett Anti-Federalist 2,424 5.2%
At-large John F. Mercer Anti-Federalist 2,339 5%
At-large Abraham Faw Anti-Federalist 1,964 4.2%
At-large John Done Anti-Federalist 1,832 3.9%
At-large William V. Murray Anti-Federalist 425 0.9%

In most cases, only candidates who received more than 5 percent of the vote in a district are reported. Other candidates are reported as a group, but only if they in aggregate received more than 5 percent of the vote. In addition, percentages for each district may not add up to 100 percent due to rounding.

New Nation Votes Data


Mapping Early American Elections is generously funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities and developed by the Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media at George Mason University.

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