Mapping Early American Elections

11th Congress: Virginia 1809

Virginia elected six Federalist, fifteen Democratic-Republicans, and one Republican who was part of a faction within the party to the Eleventh Congress. The dissenting Republican in this election was a Tertium Quid (or just Quid), a coalition of Federalists and moderate Democratic-Republicans.

The map for this election is incomplete due to the lack of returns in several counties.

Virginia used the district system for electing members to Congress.

In 1809, a special election was held in which David S. Garland was elected to replace Wilson C. Nicholas, who had resigned from office.

In 1810, a special election was held in which William MacKinley was elected to replace John G. Jackson, who had resigned from office.

District Candidate Party Vote Percentage Elected
1 John G. Jackson Democratic-Republican 1,326 60.3%
1 Noah Linsley Federalist 872 39.7%
2 James Stephenson Federalist 876 57.6%
2 John Morrow Democratic-Republican 645 42.4%
3 John Smith Democratic-Republican 1,085 86.9%
3 Robert Page Federalist 163 13.1%
4 Jacob Swoope Federalist 1,369 53.7%
4 Daniel Smith Democratic-Republican 1,181 46.3%
5 James Breckinridge Federalist
6 Daniel Sheffey Federalist 1,662 66.6%
6 Francis Preston Democratic-Republican 835 33.4%
7 Joseph Lewis, Jr. Federalist 760 62%
7 William Tyler Democratic-Republican 465 38%
8 Walter Jones Democratic-Republican
9 John Love Democratic-Republican unopposed
10 John Dawson Democratic-Republican unopposed
11 John Roane Democratic-Republican
12 Burwell Bassett Democratic-Republican 1,172 57.4%
12 John Eyre Federalist 869 42.6%
13 William A. Burwell Democratic-Republican unopposed
14 Matthew Clay Democratic-Republican unopposed
15 John Randolph Republican Faction 1,243 71.6%
15 Jerman Baker Democratic-Republican 492 28.4%
16 John W. Eppes Democratic-Republican unopposed
17 Thomas Gholson, Jr. Democratic-Republican
18 Peterson Goodwyn Democratic-Republican 670 70.5%
18 John Pegram Federalist 280 29.5%
19 Edwin Gray Federalist 1,003 54.5%
19 Richard Byrd Democratic-Republican 689 37.5%
19 William Massenburg Democratic-Republican 147 8%
20 Thomas Newton Democratic-Republican 1,051 60.1%
20 Robert B. Tayler Federalist 699 39.9%
21 Wilson C. Nicholas Democratic-Republican unopposed
22 John Clopton Democratic-Republican

In most cases, only candidates who received more than 5 percent of the vote in a district are reported. Other candidates are reported as a group, but only if they in aggregate received more than 5 percent of the vote. In addition, percentages for each district may not add up to 100 percent due to rounding. The term Dissenting Republican includes various breakaway factions of the Democratic-Republican party.

New Nation Votes Data

Mapping Early American Elections is generously funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities and developed by the Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media at George Mason University.

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