Mapping Early American Elections

1st Congress: Virginia 1789

Virginia elected seven Federalists and three Anti-Federalists candidates to the First Congress.

Virginia used a district system to elect members to Congress.

District Candidate Party Vote Percentage Elected
1 Alexander White Federalist unopposed
2 John Brown Federalist unopposed
3 Andrew Moore Federalist
4 Richard Bland Lee Federalist
5 James Madison Federalist 1,308 57.4%
5 James Monroe Anti-Federalist 972 42.6%
6 Isaac Coles Anti-Federalist unopposed
7 John Page Federalist
8 Josiah Parker Anti-Federalist 976 48.1%
8 Thomas Mathews Federalist 805 39.7%
8 Isaac Avery Federalist 246 12.1%
9 Theodorick Bland Anti-Federalist
10 Samuel Griffin Federalist

In most cases, only candidates who received more than 5 percent of the vote in a district are reported. Other candidates are reported as a group, but only if they in aggregate received more than 5 percent of the vote. In addition, percentages for each district may not add up to 100 percent due to rounding. The term Dissenting Republican includes various breakaway factions of the Democratic-Republican party.

New Nation Votes Data

Mapping Early American Elections is generously funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities and developed by the Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media at George Mason University.

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