Mapping Early American Elections


19th Congress: North Carolina 1825

North Carolina’s elections to the nineteenth Congress featured the brief rise of two regional factions within the Democratic-Republican party, the Caucus and Anti-Caucus factions. Some Democratic Republicans dissented from their party’s nomination process of closed meetings, conventions, and caucuses and ran against incumbents as part of the Anti-Caucus faction. With a few exceptions, in the nineteenth congress, supporters of William Crawford became Caucus candidates, while Andrew Jackson’s supporters ran for the Anti-Caucus faction. In the nineteenth congressional election, voters elected five Caucus and eight Anti-Caucus congressmen.

North Carolina used a district system for electing members to Congress.

In 1826, a special election was held in which Daniel L. Barringer was elected to replace Willie P. Mangum, who had resigned from office.

District Candidate Party Vote Percentage Elected
1 Lemuel Sawyer Anti-Caucus 2,483 59.8%
1 Alfred M. Gatlin Caucus 1,671 40.2%
2 Willis Alston Anti-Caucus 1,321 42.1%
2 George B. Outlaw Caucus 978 31.2%
2 James Grant Anti-Caucus 837 26.7%
3 Richard Hines Anti-Caucus 2,607 52.7%
3 Thomas H. Hall Caucus 2,343 47.3%
4 John H. Bryan Anti-Caucus 2,488 51%
4 Richard D. Spaight Caucus 2,392 49%
5 Gabriel Holmes Anti-Caucus 3,347 62.8%
5 Charles Hooks Caucus 1,982 37.2%
6 Weldon N. Edwards Caucus 2,804 unopposed
7 Archibald MacNeill Anti-Caucus 3,086 34%
7 John Culpepper Caucus 2,905 32%
8 Willie P. Mangum Caucus 2,301 50.6%
8 Josiah Crudup Anti-Caucus 2,243 49.4%
9 Romulus M. Saunders Caucus
10 John Long, Jr. Caucus 3,246 52.9%
10 John Giles Anti-Caucus 2,889 47.1%
11 Henry W. Conner Anti-Caucus 2,693 90.2%
11 T. Hunt 250 8.4%
12 Samuel P. Carson Anti-Caucus 2,081 35.2%
12 Robert B. Vance Caucus 1,924 32.6%
12 James Graham Anti-Caucus 1,903 32.2%
13 Lewis Williams Caucus 3,102 62%
13 Meshack Franklin Anti-Caucus 1,901 38%

In most cases, only candidates who received more than 5 percent of the vote in a district are reported. Other candidates are reported as a group, but only if they in aggregate received more than 5 percent of the vote. In addition, percentages for each district may not add up to 100 percent due to rounding. The term Dissenting Republican includes various breakaway factions of the Democratic-Republican party.



Mapping Early American Elections is generously funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities and developed by the Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media at George Mason University.

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