Mapping Early American Elections


18th Congress: Massachusetts 1822

Massachusetts elected one Federalist and six Democratic-Republicans to the Eighteenth Congress. Five of those Democratic-Republicans was part of a faction led by John Quincy Adams and Henry Clay. In addition, five dissenting Federalists supported Adams and Clay, while one dissenting Federalist supported Andrew Jackson. As the Federalist Party declined in Massachusetts, many Federalists distanced themselves from the main party. Instead, their political affiliation more closely aligned with their choice of candidate for the 1824 presidential election.

Massachusetts used a district system for electing members to Congress.

Between September 1823 and November 1824, a series of special elections were held to elect a replacement for William Eustis, who had resigned from office after being elected Governor of Massachusetts. Ultimately, John Baily was elected to replace him.

District Candidate Party Vote Percentage Elected
1 Daniel Webster Federalist 2,638 62.8%
1 Jesse Putnam Democratic-Republican 1,557 37.1%
2 Benjamin W. Crowninshield Adams/Clay 1,312 51.7%
2 Benjamin Merrill Federalist 693 27.3%
2 Willard Peele Federalist 525 20.7%
3 Jeremiah Nelson Adams/Clay 667 72.9%
3 Amos Spalding Democratic-Republican 211 23.1%
4 Timothy Fuller Adams/Clay 1,053 89.2%
4 Thomas Harris Democratic-Republican 82 6.9%
5 Jonas Sibley Adams/Clay 1,657 51.1%
5 Benjamin Adams Federalist 1,236 38.1%
5 Seth Hastings 233 7.2%
6 John Locke Adams/Clay 1,845 51.4%
6 Samuel Dana Democratic-Republican 1,591 44.3%
7 Samuel C. Allen Adams/Clay 958 91.1%
7 Other candidates 94 9%
8 Samuel L. Lathrop Adams/Clay 907 78.5%
8 Thomas Shepard Democratic-Republican 231 20%
9 Henry W. Dwight Adams/Clay 1,887 58.8%
9 William C. Jarvis Democratic-Republican 1,150 35.9%
9 Other candidates 170 5.3%
10 William Eustis Democratic-Republican 1,376 84.5%
10 Other candidates 160 9.8%
10 Robert Sullivan Federalist 93 5.7%
11 Aaron Hobart Adams/Clay 1,206 58.1%
11 Cushing Otis Federalist 869 41.8%
12 Francis Bayliss Jacksonian 1,297 65.9%
12 Hercules Cushman Democratic-Republican 661 33.6%
13 John Read Adams/Clay 857 53.4%
13 Walter Folger, Jr. Democratic-Republican 746 46.5%

In most cases, only candidates who received more than 5 percent of the vote in a district are reported. Other candidates are reported as a group, but only if they in aggregate received more than 5 percent of the vote. In addition, percentages for each district may not add up to 100 percent due to rounding. The term Dissenting Republican includes various breakaway factions of the Democratic-Republican party.



Mapping Early American Elections is generously funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities and developed by the Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media at George Mason University.

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