Mapping Early American Elections


17th Congress: Virginia 1821

Virginia elected three Federalist and twenty Democratic-Republicans to the Seventeenth Congress.

The map for this election is incomplete due to the lack of returns in a few counties.

Virginia used a district system for electing members to Congress.

In 1822, a special election was held in which James Stephenson was elected to replace Thomas Van Swearingen, who had died.

District Candidate Party Vote Percentage Elected
1 Edward B. Jackson Democratic-Republican
2 Thomas Van Swearingen Federalist 1,437 83.2%
2 Robert Bailey Democratic-Republican 290 16.8%
3 Jared Williams Democratic-Republican 1,064 63.3%
3 William Steinbergen Democratic-Republican 616 36.7%
4 William MacCoy Democratic-Republican unopposed
5 John Floyd Democratic-Republican unopposed
6 Alexander Smyth Democratic-Republican unopposed
7 William Smith Federalist 1,276 53.2%
7 James Wilson Democratic-Republican 1,124 46.8%
8 Charles F. Mercer Federalist 704 55%
8 Sydnor Bailey Democratic-Republican 573 44.8%
9 William Lee Ball Democratic-Republican
10 Thomas L. Moore Democratic-Republican
11 Philip P. Barbour Democratic-Republican unopposed
12 Robert Garnett Democratic-Republican
13 Burwell Bassett Democratic-Republican 1,181 66.6%
13 John Patterson Federalist 531 30%
14 Jabez Leftwich Democratic-Republican
15 George Tucker Democratic-Republican 1,454 87.5%
15 William R. Roane Federalist 207 12.5%
16 John Randolph Democratic-Republican
17 William S. Archer Democratic-Republican 1,306 unopposed
18 Mark Alexander Democratic-Republican 643 unopposed
19 James Jones Democratic-Republican unopposed
20 Arthur Smith Democratic-Republican 992 60.3%
20 John C. Gray Democratic-Republican 652 39.7%
21 Thomas Newton Democratic-Republican 770 100%
22 Hugh Nelson Democratic-Republican 1,145 unopposed
23 Andrew Stevenson Democratic-Republican unopposed

In most cases, only candidates who received more than 5 percent of the vote in a district are reported. Other candidates are reported as a group, but only if they in aggregate received more than 5 percent of the vote. In addition, percentages for each district may not add up to 100 percent due to rounding. The term Dissenting Republican includes various breakaway factions of the Democratic-Republican party.



Mapping Early American Elections is generously funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities and developed by the Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media at George Mason University.

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