Mapping Early American Elections


17th Congress: New York 1821

New York elected twenty-seven Democratic-Republicans to the Seventeenth Congress. Thirteen of the Republicans elected were members of an identifiable faction within the party. In New York, some candidates ran as Clintonians who supported internal improvements and soft money.

New York used a district system for electing members to Congress. Each district elected one member of Congress, except Districts 1, 2, 12, 15, and 20, which each elected two members.

In 1821, a special election was held in which Charles Borland, Jr. was elected to replace Selah Tuthill, who had died.

In 1822, a special election was held in which Stephen Van Rensselaer was elected to replace Solomon Van Rensselaer, who had resigned from office.

District Candidate Party Vote Percentage Elected
1 Silas Wood Republican Faction 3,961 27.1%
1 Cadwallader D. Colden Republican Faction 3,959 27%
1 Peter Sharpe Democratic-Republican 3,369 23%
1 Joshua Smith Democratic-Republican 3,326 22.7%
2 John I. Morgan Democratic-Republican 6,645 49.4%
2 Churchill C. Cambrelleng Democratic-Republican 3,970 29.5%
2 Henry Eckford Republican Faction 2,814 20.9%
3 Jeremiah H. Pierson Democratic-Republican 1,863 52.8%
3 John T. Smith Republican Faction 1,330 37.7%
3 Peter S. Van Orden Republican Faction 331 9.4%
4 William W. Van Wyck Democratic-Republican 2,795 56.8%
4 William Tabor Republican Faction 2,125 43.2%
5 Walter Patterson Republican Faction 3,467 57.8%
5 Philip I. Schuyler Democratic-Republican 2,524 42.1%
6 Selah Tuthill Democratic-Republican 2,156 61.6%
6 Samuel J. Wilkin Republican Faction 1,341 38.3%
7 Charles H. Ruggles Republican Faction 2,577 54.6%
7 William Gillespie Democratic-Republican 2,139 45.3%
8 Richard MacCarty Republican Faction 2,592 58.8%
8 Jacob Haight Democratic-Republican 1,812 41.1%
9 Solomon Van Rensselaer Republican Faction 2,393 57%
9 Harmanus Bleecker Democratic-Republican 1,798 42.8%
10 John D. Dickinson Republican Faction 2,852 55.5%
10 James L. Hogeboom Democratic-Republican 2,181 42.4%
11 John W. Taylor Republican Faction 2,344 53.3%
11 Guert Van Schoonhoven Democratic-Republican 2,043 46.5%
12 Reuben H. Walworth Democratic-Republican 5,300 28.8%
12 Nathaniel Pitcher Democratic-Republican 4,951 26.9%
12 John Crary Republican Faction 4,151 22.6%
12 Ezra C. Gross Republican Faction 3,964 21.6%
13 John Gebhard Republican Faction 2,320 51%
13 William Mann Democratic-Republican 2,229 49%
14 Alfred Conkling Republican Faction 2,672 52.4%
14 John Herkimer Democratic-Republican 2,426 47.6%
15 James Hawks Democratic-Republican 5,363 28.5%
15 Samuel Campbell Democratic-Republican 5,222 27.7%
15 Robert Monell Republican Faction 4,184 22.2%
15 Alvan Stewart Republican Faction 4,038 21.4%
16 Joseph Kirkland Republican Faction 3,608 56.4%
16 Nathan Williams Democratic-Republican 2,774 43.4%
17 Thomas H. Hubbard Democratic-Republican 3,235 51%
17 David Woods Republican Faction 3,103 48.9%
18 Micah Sterling Republican Faction 3,568 52.2%
18 Perley Keyes Democratic-Republican 3,228 47.3%
19 Elisha Litchfield Democratic-Republican 3,208 51.2%
19 George Hall Republican Faction 3,046 48.6%
20 William Rochester Democratic-Republican 7,551 29.6%
20 David Woodcock Democratic-Republican 6,306 24.7%
20 Jonathan Richmond Republican Faction 6,104 23.9%
20 Herman Camp Republican Faction 5,568 21.8%
21 Elijah Spencer Democratic-Republican 4,798 49.6%
21 Nathaniel Allen Republican Faction 4,692 48.6%
22 Albert H. Tracey Republican Faction 7,020 50.8%
22 Benjamin Ellicott Democratic-Republican 6,789 49.1%

In most cases, only candidates who received more than 5 percent of the vote in a district are reported. Other candidates are reported as a group, but only if they in aggregate received more than 5 percent of the vote. In addition, percentages for each district may not add up to 100 percent due to rounding. The term Dissenting Republican includes various breakaway factions of the Democratic-Republican party.



Mapping Early American Elections is generously funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities and developed by the Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media at George Mason University.

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