Mapping Early American Elections


16th Congress: New York 1818

New York elected two Federalists and twenty-five Democratic-Republicans to the Sixteenth Congress. Six of the Republicans elected were members of an identifiable faction within the party. In New York, some candidates ran as Clintonians who supported internal improvements and soft money.

New York used a district system for electing members to Congress. Each district elected one member of Congress, except Districts 1, 2, 12, 15, 20, and 21, which each elected two members.

District Candidate Party Vote Percentage Elected
1 Silas Wood Republican Faction 2,171 25.6%
1 James Guion Jr. Democratic-Republican 2,166 25.5%
1 Ebenezer Sage Democratic-Republican 2,085 24.6%
1 John Garretson Republican Faction 1,992 23.5%
2 Henry Meigs Democratic-Republican 3,226 35.7%
2 Peter H. Wendover Democratic-Republican 3,207 35.5%
2 Barent Gardenier Republican Faction 2,557 28.3%
3 Caleb Tompkins Democratic-Republican 1,439 57.8%
3 Benjamin Isaacs Republican Faction 623 25%
3 Philip Van Cortlandt Republican Faction 406 16.3%
4 Randall S. Street Republican Faction 1,389 50.4%
4 William H. Johnson Democratic-Republican 1,356 49.2%
5 James S. Strong Republican Faction 1,983 49.9%
5 John J. Miller Democratic-Republican 1,261 31.7%
5 Robert LeRoy Livingston Republican Faction 732 18.4%
6 Walter Case Democratic-Republican 1,289 97.7%
7 Jacob H. DeWitt Democratic-Republican 1,331 96.4%
8 Robert Clark Democratic-Republican 1,799 55.4%
8 Jabez Bostwick Federalist 1,442 44.4%
9 Solomon Van Rensselaer Federalist 2,003 99.7%
10 John D. Dickinson Federalist 2,231 52.5%
10 William MacManus Democratic-Republican 2,002 47.2%
11 John W. Taylor Democratic-Republican 2,282 72%
11 James Thompson Federalist 851 26.8%
12 Nathaniel Pitcher Democratic-Republican 4,330 37.6%
12 Ezra C. Gross Democratic-Republican 3,743 32.5%
12 David Russell Federalist 2,399 20.8%
12 Halsey Rogers Democratic-Republican 975 8.5%
13 Hermanus Peck Democratic-Republican 2,136 55.9%
13 Isaac H. Tiffany Federalist 1,683 44.1%
14 John Fay Democratic-Republican 2,038 56.7%
14 John Veeder Federalist 1,542 42.9%
15 Robert Monell Republican Faction 2,903 26.2%
15 Joseph S. Lyman Republican Faction 2,849 25.7%
15 Samuel Campbell Democratic-Republican 2,689 24.2%
15 Edward Pratt Democratic-Republican 2,604 23.5%
16 Henry Storrs Republican Faction 2,332 93%
16 Other candidates 176 6.5%
17 Aaron Hackley, Jr. Democratic-Republican 1,934 96.9%
18 William D. Ford Democratic-Republican 2,933 73.5%
18 Horatio Orvis Republican Faction 991 24.8%
19 George Hall Democratic-Republican 2,292 95.4%
20 Jonathan Richmond Democratic-Republican 5,548 49.5%
20 Caleb Baker Democratic-Republican 5,478 48.9%
21 Nathaniel Allen Democratic-Republican 10,288 50.4%
21 Albert H. Tracey Democratic-Republican 9,181 45%

In most cases, only candidates who received more than 5 percent of the vote in a district are reported. Other candidates are reported as a group, but only if they in aggregate received more than 5 percent of the vote. In addition, percentages for each district may not add up to 100 percent due to rounding. The term Dissenting Republican includes various breakaway factions of the Democratic-Republican party.



Mapping Early American Elections is generously funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities and developed by the Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media at George Mason University.

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