Mapping Early American Elections


15th Congress: Pennsylvania 1816

Pennsylvania elected five Federalists and eighteen Democratic-Republicans to the Fifteenth Congress. Three of the Republicans elected were members of an identifiable faction within the party. In Pennsylvania some candidates ran as Old School or New School Republicans, and were divided by disputes over banking, credit, and paper currency.

The map for this election is incomplete due to the lack of returns for several counties.

Pennsylvania used a district system for electing members to Congress. Each district elected one member of Congress except District 1, which elected four members, and Districts 2, 3, 5, 6, and 10, which each elected two members. The votes cast in Warren County are included in the Venango County totals.

In 1817, a special election was held in which John Murray was elected to replace David Scott, who had resigned his office.

In 1818, a special election was held in which Jacob Hostetter was elected to replace Jacob Spengler, who had resigned from office.

In 1818, a special election was held in which Thomas J. Rogers was elected to replace John Ross, who had resigned from office.

In 1818, a special election was held in which Samuel Moore was elected to replace Samuel D. Ingham, who had resigned from office.

District Candidate Party Vote Percentage Elected
1 Adam Seybert Democratic-Republican 6,054 13.3%
1 William Anderson Democratic-Republican 6,001 13.1%
1 John Sergeant Federalist 5,414 11.9%
1 Joseph Hopkinson Federalist 5,327 11.7%
1 William Milnor Federalist 5,305 11.6%
1 Samuel Edwards Federalist 5,259 11.5%
1 Jacob Sommer Republican Faction 3,807 8.3%
1 John Conard Republican Faction 3,516 7.7%
1 William J. Duane Republican Faction 2,744 6%
2 Levi Pawling Federalist 5,004 25.5%
2 Isaac Darlington Federalist 4,936 25.1%
2 William Darlington Democratic-Republican 4,929 25.1%
2 John Hahn Democratic-Republican 4,788 24.4%
3 John Whiteside Democratic-Republican 4,144 39.4%
3 James M. Wallace Democratic-Republican 4,095 39%
3 Amos Slaymaker Federalist 2,266 21.6%
4 Jacob Spangler Democratic-Republican 1,466 65.7%
4 Jacob Hay Federalist 764 34.3%
5 William Maclay Democratic-Republican 4,713 31%
5 Andrew Boden Democratic-Republican 4,233 27.8%
5 James MacSherry Federalist 3,018 19.8%
5 John MacClelland Federalist 2,760 18.1%
6 John Ross Republican Faction 5,511 50.8%
6 Samuel D. Ingham Republican Faction 5,339 49.2%
7 Joseph Hiester Republican Faction 3,420 85%
7 Charles Shoemaker, Jr. Republican Faction 314 7.8%
7 Daniel Udree Republican Faction 289 7.2%
8 Alexander Ogle Democratic-Republican 3,143 99.7%
9 William P. Maclay Democratic-Republican
10 William Wilson Democratic-Republican 6,106 31.6%
10 David Scott Democratic-Republican 5,920 30.6%
10 William F. Buyers Federalist 2,781 14.4%
10 George Kremer Democratic-Republican 1,660 8.6%
10 Rosewell Welles Federalist 1,658 8.6%
10 Other candidates 1,228 6.3%
11 David Marchand Democratic-Republican 2,600 52.8%
11 George Armstrong Federalist 2,324 47.2%
12 Thomas Patterson Democratic-Republican 1,870 85%
12 John Hughes Federalist 275 12.5%
13 Christian Tarr Democratic-Republican 1,090 36.5%
13 Presley Carr Lane Democratic-Republican 760 25.5%
13 Henry Heaton Federalist 546 18.3%
13 Thomas MacKibben Democratic-Republican 452 15.1%
14 Henry Baldwin Federalist 2,139 61.6%
14 Walter Lowrie Democratic-Republican 1,336 38.4%
15 Robert Moore Democratic-Republican 1,723 50.8%
15 William Clark Democratic-Republican 1,641 48.3%

In most cases, only candidates who received more than 5 percent of the vote in a district are reported. Other candidates are reported as a group, but only if they in aggregate received more than 5 percent of the vote. In addition, percentages for each district may not add up to 100 percent due to rounding. The term Dissenting Republican includes various breakaway factions of the Democratic-Republican party.



Mapping Early American Elections is generously funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities and developed by the Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media at George Mason University.

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