Mapping Early American Elections


11th Congress: Pennsylvania 1808

Pennsylvania elected six Federalists and twelve Democratic-Republicans to the Eleventh Congress.

The map for this election is incomplete due to the lack of returns in some areas.

Pennsylvania used a district system for electing members to Congress. Each district elected one member of Congress except District 4, which elected two members, and Districts 1, 2, and 3, which each elected three members. The votes cast in Warren County are included in the Venango County totals.

In 1809, a special election was held in which Democratic-Republican Adam Seybert was elected to replace Benjamin Say, who had resigned from office.

District Candidate Party Vote Percentage Elected
1 Benjamin Say Democratic-Republican 7,598 18.5%
1 John Porter Democratic-Republican 7,589 18.5%
1 William Anderson Democratic-Republican 7,559 18.4%
1 Joseph Hemphill Federalist 6,123 14.9%
1 Derick Peterson Federalist 6,098 14.9%
1 Charles W. Hare Federalist 6,052 14.8%
2 Robert Brown Democratic-Republican 9,218 16.9%
2 John Ross Federalist 9,167 16.8%
2 William Milnor Federalist 9,095 16.7%
2 John Pugh Democratic-Republican 9,090 16.7%
2 John Hahn Democratic-Republican 9,026 16.6%
2 Rosewell Welles Federalist 8,941 16.4%
3 Matthias Richards Federalist 10,652 17.1%
3 Daniel Heister Federalist 10,625 17.1%
3 Robert Jenkins Federalist 10,524 16.9%
3 John Whitehill Democratic-Republican 10,216 16.4%
3 Roger Davis Democratic-Republican 10,161 16.3%
3 William Whitman Democratic-Republican 10,121 16.2%
4 Robert Whitehill Democratic-Republican 8,807 36.7%
4 David Baird Democratic-Republican 8,774 36.6%
4 John Glonninger Federalist 3,228 13.5%
4 William Alexander, Sr. Federalist 3,165 13.2%
5 George Smith Democratic-Republican 7,215 82.3%
5 John Bull Federalist 1,549 17.7%
6 William Crawford Democratic-Republican 3,506 52.4%
6 James Kelly Federalist 3,188 47.6%
7 John Rea Democratic-Republican 3,496 61.5%
7 Andrew Dunlop Federalist 2,191 38.5%
8 William Findley Federalist 2,871 45.6%
8 John Kirkpatrick Democratic-Republican 1,732 27.5%
8 Robert Philson Democratic-Republican 1,647 26.2%
9 John Smilie Democratic-Republican 3,183 67.1%
9 Thomas Meason Federalist 1,560 32.9%
10 Aaron Lyle Democratic-Republican 3,425 76.5%
10 John Hamilton Federalist 1,053 23.5%
11 Samuel Smith Democratic-Republican 6,206 68.3%
11 Alexander W. Foster Federalist 2,885 31.7%

In most cases, only candidates who received more than 5 percent of the vote in a district are reported. Other candidates are reported as a group, but only if they in aggregate received more than 5 percent of the vote. In addition, percentages for each district may not add up to 100 percent due to rounding. The term Dissenting Republican includes various breakaway factions of the Democratic-Republican party.



Mapping Early American Elections is generously funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities and developed by the Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media at George Mason University.

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