Mapping Early American Elections


10th Congress: Pennsylvania 1806

Pennsylvania elected four Federalists, twelve Democratic-Republicans, and two Dissenting Republicans to the Tenth Congress. The dissenting Republicans in this election were Tertium Quids (or just Quids), a coalition of Federalists and moderate Democratic-Republicans.

Mapping this election is incomplete because of the lack of local returns in many areas.

Pennsylvania used the district system for electing members to Congress. Districts 1, 2, and 3 each elected three representatives. District 4 elected two representatives.

In 1808, a special election was held in which Democratic-Republican Benjamin Say was elected to replace Joseph Clay, who had resigned from office.

District Candidate Party Vote Percentage Elected
1 John Porter Democratic-Republican 4,857 17.8%
1 Jacob Richards Democratic-Republican 4,770 17.5%
1 Joseph Clay Democratic-Republican 4,700 17.2%
1 William Graham Federalist 4,223 15.5%
1 Isaac Worrell Federalist 4,213 15.5%
1 Joseph Hemphill Federalist 2,922 10.7%
1 John Sergent Federalist 1,578 5.8%
2 Robert Brown Democratic-Republican 5,180 18%
2 William Milnor Dissenting Republican 4,824 16.8%
2 John Pugh Democratic-Republican 4,761 16.6%
2 John Hahn Democratic-Republican 4,750 16.5%
2 Frederick Conrad Dissenting Republican 4,659 16.2%
2 William Lattimore Dissenting Republican 4,589 16%
3 John Heister Federalist 6,709 18.3%
3 Matthais Richards Federalist 6,625 18.1%
3 Robert Jenkins Federalist 6,487 17.7%
3 John Whitehill Democratic-Republican 5,666 15.5%
3 Roger Davis Democratic-Republican 5,545 15.2%
3 William Witman Democratic-Republican 5,539 15.1%
4 Robert Whitehill Democratic-Republican 6,024 47.7%
4 David Baird Dissenting Republican 5,388 42.7%
4 Ezra Doty Democratic-Republican 983 7.8%
5 Daniel Montgomery, Jr. Democratic-Republican 3,161 57.7%
5 Andrew Gregg Dissenting Republican 2,321 42.3%
6 James Kelly Federalist 2,979 unopposed
7 John Rea Democratic-Republican 1,511 52.7%
7 Andrew Dunlap Federalist 852 29.7%
7 Henry Woods Dissenting Republican 503 17.6%
8 William Findley Democratic-Republican unopposed
9 John Smilie Democratic-Republican 1,987 unopposed
10 William Hoge Democratic-Republican 1,203 62%
10 John Hamilton Federalist 737 38%
11 Samuel Smith Democratic-Republican 3,339 56%
11 John Wilkins Federalist 2,621 44%

In most cases, only candidates who received more than 5 percent of the vote in a district are reported. Other candidates are reported as a group, but only if they in aggregate received more than 5 percent of the vote. In addition, percentages for each district may not add up to 100 percent due to rounding. The term Dissenting Republican includes various breakaway factions of the Democratic-Republican party.

New Nation Votes Data


Mapping Early American Elections is generously funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities and developed by the Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media at George Mason University.

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