Mapping Early American Elections


10th Congress: New Jersey 1806

New Jersey elected six Democratic-Republicans to the Tenth Congress.

Mapping this election is incomplete because of the lack of local returns in many areas.

New Jersey used a statewide at-large method for electing members to Congress.

In 1808, a special election was held in which Democratic-Republican Adam Boyd was elected to replace Ezra Darby, who died while in office.

District Candidate Party Vote Percentage Elected
At-large William Helmes Democratic-Republican 14,652 14.9%
At-large Thomas Newbold Democratic-Republican 12,195 12.4%
At-large Henry Southard Democratic-Republican 12,131 12.3%
At-large Ezra Darby Democratic-Republican 11,676 11.9%
At-large John Lambert Democratic-Republican 11,520 11.7%
At-large James Sloan Democratic-Republican 10,959 11.1%
At-large Other candidates 8,429 8.6%
At-large Aaron Ogden Federalist 5,789 5.9%
At-large Ebenezer Elmer Federalist 5,703 5.8%
At-large John Beatty Federalist 5,243 5.3%

In most cases, only candidates who received more than 5 percent of the vote in a district are reported. Other candidates are reported as a group, but only if they in aggregate received more than 5 percent of the vote. In addition, percentages for each district may not add up to 100 percent due to rounding. The term Dissenting Republican includes various breakaway factions of the Democratic-Republican party.

New Nation Votes Data


Mapping Early American Elections is generously funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities and developed by the Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media at George Mason University.

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