Mapping Early American Elections


9th Congress: Virginia 1805

Virginia elected one Federalist, nineteen Democratic-Republicans, and two dissenting Republicans to the Ninth Congress. The dissenting Republicans were Tertium Quids (or just Quids), a coalition of Federalists and moderate Democratic-Republicans. The Quids were led by John Randolph of Roanoke, who won election from the Fifteenth District.

Mapping this election is incomplete because of the lack of local returns in many areas.

Virginia used the district system for electing members to Congress.

In 1806, a special election was held in which Democrat William A. Burwell was elected to replace Christopher Clark, who had resigned from office to practice law.

District Candidate Party Vote Percentage Elected
1 John G. Jackson Democratic-Republican
2 John Morrow Democratic-Republican
3 John Smith Democratic-Republican unopposed
4 David Holmes Democratic-Republican unopposed
5 Alexander Wilson Democratic-Republican 786 60.6%
5 Robert Bailey Dissenting Republican 510 39.4%
6 Abraham Trigg Democratic-Republican unopposed
7 Joseph Lewis, Jr. Federalist 719 54.3%
7 William Ellzey Democratic-Republican 606 45.7%
8 Walter Jones Democratic-Republican
9 Philip R. Thompson Democratic-Republican unopposed
10 John Dawson Democratic-Republican
11 James M. Garnett Democratic-Republican
12 Burwell Bassett Democratic-Republican
13 Christopher Clark Democratic-Republican unopposed
14 Mathew Clay Democratic-Republican 1,833 88.9%
14 William Lewis Federalist 230 11.1%
15 John Randolph Dissenting Republican unopposed
16 John W. Eppes Democratic-Republican unopposed
17 John Claiborne Democratic-Republican
18 Peterson Goodwyn Democratic-Republican unopposed
19 Edwin Gray Dissenting Republican unopposed
20 Thomas Newton, Jr. Democratic-Republican 1,542 unopposed
21 Thomas M. Randolph Democratic-Republican 1,175 63.7%
21 Walter Leake Dissenting Republican 670 36.3%
22 John Clopton Democratic-Republican unopposed

In most cases, only candidates who received more than 5 percent of the vote in a district are reported. Other candidates are reported as a group, but only if they in aggregate received more than 5 percent of the vote. In addition, percentages for each district may not add up to 100 percent due to rounding. The term Dissenting Republican includes various breakaway factions of the Democratic-Republican party.

New Nation Votes Data


Mapping Early American Elections is generously funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities and developed by the Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media at George Mason University.

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