Mapping Early American Elections


5th Congress: Pennsylvania 1796

Pennsylvania elected seven Democratic-Republicans and six Federalists to the Fifth Congress.

Pennsylvania continued to use a single-district method for electing members to Congress, except for District 4, which elected two representatives.

In October 1798, Pennsylvania held a special election in which Robert Wain was elected to replace John Swanick, who died in office. In October 1798, Pennsylvania held a special election in which Robert Brown was elected to replace Samuel Sitgreaves, who had resigned from office.

District Candidate Party Vote Percentage Elected
1 John Swanwick Democratic-Republican 1,502 51.2%
1 Edward Tilghman Federalist 1,432 48.8%
2 Blair MacClenachan Democratic-Republican 1,182 56.5%
2 Robert Waln Federalist 910 43.5%
3 Richard Thomas Federalist 1,282 52.9%
3 William Gibbons Democratic-Republican 1,143 47.1%
4 Samuel Sitgreaves Federalist 3,752 62.9%
4 John Chapman Federalist 2,214 37.1%
5 George Ege Federalist 2,028 56.9%
5 Joseph Hiester Democratic-Republican 1,538 43.1%
6 John A. Hanna Democratic-Republican
7 John W. Kittera Federalist 1,679 95.6%
8 Thomas Hartley Federalist 1,142 unopposed
9 Andrew Gregg Democratic-Republican 1,141 53.8%
9 William Irvine Federalist 678 32%
9 James Wallace Federalist 168 7.9%
9 Other candidates 135 6.4%
10 David Bard Democratic-Republican
11 William Findley Democratic-Republican 2,090 79.3%
11 James Findlay Federalist 546 20.7%
12 Albert Gallatin Democratic-Republican 2,522 61.7%
12 John Woods Federalist 1,079 26.4%
12 Thomas Stokeley Federalist 486 11.9%

In most cases, only candidates who received more than 5 percent of the vote in a district are reported. Other candidates are reported as a group, but only if they in aggregate received more than 5 percent of the vote. In addition, percentages for each district may not add up to 100 percent due to rounding. The term Dissenting Republican includes various breakaway factions of the Democratic-Republican party.

New Nation Votes Data


Mapping Early American Elections is generously funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities and developed by the Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media at George Mason University.

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