Mapping Early American Elections


4th Congress: Pennsylvania 1794

Pennsylvania elected seven Federalists and six Democratic-Republicans to the Fourth Congress.

In this election, Pennsylvania switched from a statewide at-large method for electing members to Congress to a single-district system, except for the Fourth District which, because of its dense population, elected two members.

In July 1796, Pennsylvania held a special election which elected George Ege to replace Daniel Hiester, who resigned his seat.

In 1797, Pennsylvania held a special election which elected Daniel Hiester to replace George Ege, who resigned his seat.

District Candidate Party Vote Percentage Elected
1 John Swanwick Democratic-Republican 1,240 51.2%
1 Thomas Fitzsimons Federalist 1,182 48.8%
2 Frederick A. Muhlenberg Federalist 656 56.3%
2 Samuel Miles Democratic-Republican 510 43.7%
3 Richard Thomas Federalist 1,240 67.4%
3 Thomas Ross Democratic-Republican 599 32.6%
4 Samuel Sitgreaves Federalist 2,954 35%
4 John Richards Federalist 1,791 21.2%
4 James Morris Democratic-Republican 1,779 21%
4 Robert Loller Democratic-Republican 1,072 12.7%
4 Peter Muhlenberg Democratic-Republican 661 7.8%
5 Daniel Hiester Federalist
6 Samuel MacClay Democratic-Republican 1,982 46.1%
6 John A. Hanna Democratic-Republican 1,882 43.7%
6 John Carson Federalist 438 10.2%
7 John W. Kittera Federalist unopposed
8 Thomas Hartley Federalist unopposed
9 Andrew Gregg Democratic-Republican
10 David Bard Democratic-Republican 1,808 52.9%
10 James MacLene Democratic-Republican 1,090 31.9%
10 James Chambers Federalist 519 15.2%
11 William Findley Democratic-Republican unopposed
12 Albert Gallatin Democratic-Republican

In most cases, only candidates who received more than 5 percent of the vote in a district are reported. Other candidates are reported as a group, but only if they in aggregate received more than 5 percent of the vote. In addition, percentages for each district may not add up to 100 percent due to rounding. The term Dissenting Republican includes various breakaway factions of the Democratic-Republican party.

New Nation Votes Data


Mapping Early American Elections is generously funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities and developed by the Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media at George Mason University.

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