Mapping Early American Elections


2nd Congress: Vermont 1791

Vermont elected two Anti-Federalists to the Second Congress.

Vermont used a district system for electing members to Congress. Vermont required that candidates receive a majority of the votes in their districts. The first district thus required a second ballot to elect the candidate.

District Candidate Party Vote Percentage Elected
1 Israel Smith Anti-Federalist 2,588 68.4%
1 Matthew Lyon Anti-Federalist 1,112 29.4%
2 Nathaniel Niles Anti-Federalist

In most cases, only candidates who received more than 5 percent of the vote in a district are reported. Other candidates are reported as a group, but only if they in aggregate received more than 5 percent of the vote. In addition, percentages for each district may not add up to 100 percent due to rounding.

New Nation Votes Data


Mapping Early American Elections is generously funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities and developed by the Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media at George Mason University.

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