Mapping Early American Elections


1st Congress: Pennsylvania 1788

Pennsylvania elected six Federalists and two Anti-Federalists to the First Congress.

Pennsylvania used a state-wide at-large system to elect members to Congress. There were no residency requirements for the eight seats.

District Candidate Party Vote Percentage Elected
At-large Frederick A. Muhlenberg Federalist 8,726 7.5%
At-large Henry Wynkoop Federalist 8,280 7.1%
At-large Thomas Hartley Federalist 8,191 7%
At-large George Clymer Federalist 8,116 6.9%
At-large Thomas Fitzsimons Federalist 8,116 6.9%
At-large Thomas Scott Federalist 8,096 6.9%
At-large Peter Muhlenberg Anti-Federalist 7,465 6.4%
At-large Daniel Hiester Anti-Federalist 7,455 6.4%
At-large John Allison Federalist 7,098 6.1%
At-large Stephen Chambers Federalist 7,080 6.1%
At-large William Findley Anti-Federalist 6,638 5.7%
At-large William Irvine Anti-Federalist 6,546 5.6%
At-large Charles Pettit Anti-Federalist 6,537 5.6%
At-large William Montgomery Anti-Federalist 6,409 5.5%
At-large Blair MacClenachan Anti-Federalist 6,277 5.4%
At-large Robert Whitehall Anti-Federalist 5,908 5.1%

In most cases, only candidates who received more than 5 percent of the vote in a district are reported. Other candidates are reported as a group, but only if they in aggregate received more than 5 percent of the vote. In addition, percentages for each district may not add up to 100 percent due to rounding.

New Nation Votes Data


Mapping Early American Elections is generously funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities and developed by the Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media at George Mason University.

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