Mapping Early American Elections


1st Congress: New Jersey 1789

New Jersey elected four Federalists to the First Congress.

New Jersey used a state-wide at-large system to elect members of Congress.

The results from Cumberland County were included in the reports from Cape May County.

District Candidate Party Vote Percentage Elected
At-large James Schureman Federalist 13,871 19.9%
At-large Lambert Cadwallader Federalist 9,051 13%
At-large Elias Boudinot Federalist 8,702 12.5%
At-large Thomas Sinnickson Federalist 8,364 12%
At-large Abraham Clark Federalist 7,287 10.5%
At-large Jonathan Dayton Federalist 6,859 9.9%
At-large Robert Hoops 2,562 3.7%
At-large Whitten Cripps 2,375 3.4%
At-large Other candidates 2,050 2.9%
At-large Benjamin Van Cleve 1,983 2.8%
At-large James Parker Anti-Federalist 1,724 2.5%
At-large John Witherspoon 1,711 2.5%
At-large Thomas Henderson Federalist 1,156 1.7%
At-large Robert L. Hooper 964 1.4%

In most cases, only candidates who received more than 5 percent of the vote in a district are reported. Other candidates are reported as a group, but only if they in aggregate received more than 5 percent of the vote. In addition, percentages for each district may not add up to 100 percent due to rounding.

New Nation Votes Data


Mapping Early American Elections is generously funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities and developed by the Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media at George Mason University.

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