Mapping Early American Elections


1st Congress: New Hampshire 1789

New Hampshire elected three Federalists to the First Congress.

Mapping this election is not possible because there are insufficient returns at the town and county levels.

New Hampshire used a state-wide at-large system to elect members of Congress. These candidate were elected on the second ballot. Benjamin West declined his election and was replaced by Abiel Foster in a special election.

District Candidate Party Vote Percentage Elected
At-large Benjamin West Federalist 2,733 33.2%
At-large Samuel Livermore Federalist 2,116 25.7%
At-large Nicholas Gilman Federalist 1,619 19.7%
At-large Abiel Foster Federalist 1,612 19.6%
At-large John Sullivan Federalist 154 1.9%

In most cases, only candidates who received more than 5 percent of the vote in a district are reported. Other candidates are reported as a group, but only if they in aggregate received more than 5 percent of the vote. In addition, percentages for each district may not add up to 100 percent due to rounding.

New Nation Votes Data


Mapping Early American Elections is generously funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities and developed by the Roy Rosenzweig Center for History and New Media at George Mason University.

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